Friday, August 4, 2017

Smoke Starts to Recede as Marine Air Pushes into Western Washington

A weak inland push of marine air occurred this morning, resulting in dramatic improvements of air quality along the coast, in the Strait of Juan de Fuca and over the south Sound.   On the other hand, some locations over NE Washington have worsened smoke, as local fires have added to the plumes from British Columbia.  Seattle, located in the dead zone behind the Olympics, has not enjoyed much improvement yet...but the smoke will slowly lessen during the next day.

The NASA MODIS satellite imagery shows low clouds along the coast, with some tendrils moving inland through the coastal mountains.   Western Oregon and SW Washington are less smoky, but some smoke is still evident over Puget Sound.  Dense smoke is found over NE WA from a combination of the smoke from BC and local fires (e.g., the Diamond Creek fire).  Very bad over Bellingham and Vancouver.

 Compare today's MODIS image to yesterday's at the same time (around 1 PM).
More smoke over the offshore waters and SW Washington.  Better over NE WA.

Air quality has improved at several locations, but gotten worse at others. Here is the data, showing  a plot of the concentration of small particles (PM2.5).  Seattle (blue) is slightly better, but Aberdeen, Mount Vernon, and Cheeka Peak (NW tip of the Olympics) are almost back to normal.  In contrast, Twisp--in the eastern foothills of the North Cascades--is a disaster, with a huge spike in particles.


A solar radiation measuring device near Twisp indicated a LOSS of 70% of the normal radiation from the sun.  Unbelievable.

Improvement in western Washington is occurring as the thermal trough jumped into eastern WA and an onshore pressure gradient has developed, in turn forcing onshore winds.  You can see this trend from the winds above Seattle (see time0/eight cross section below, time on x axis, height in y).  Both winds (barbs) and temperature--red lines--are shown.  The strong northerly winds of the past few days are gone (which blew in the smoke), but the winds are too light to really mix out our smoky surface layer.

The forecasts model for tomorrow show a continuation of weak onshore flow...this will bring down temperatures (into the upper 80s, but still way above normal), but not enough to clean out the lower atmosphere of western WA.


We are simply not going to cool down much over the weekend.  The reason...an amazingly persistent ridge of high pressure over the West Coast (see map for Saturday afternoon at 500 hPa).  And folks, there is little doubt we are going to break the big record for consecutive dry days (51).



8 comments:

BAMCIS said...

Anyone want to place bets that we make it all the way to October without any measurable rain?

Gillian Vik said...

Here is a link to an Air Quality Index loop for the state. https://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=airnow.local_state&stateid=49

John Marshall said...

We really noticed the improvement here in Sequim. Today was the first pleasant day since Monday. PM2.5 down to 99 (moderate) and temp barely broke 80.

If Saturday continues the improvement (likely with on-shore flow), we'll escape the confines of our A/C and its particle filtration system and venture back outdoors.

My Labs are so bored they're lying around sighing and groaning. They need a run... and so do I.

So far, this has been a perfect summer punctuated by a truly awful week. Here's hoping we get some more perfect before the rains.

Eric Blair said...

Remembering the way - above normal summer we experienced both here in Portland and Seattle in 2015, if the current forecast holds (mid to upper 90's from Sunday - Thursday next week), I wonder if that record number of consecutive days at or above 90 degrees will elevate this summer to that summer's abnormal temps for the season.

Dan said...

BAMCIS, I'll happily take that bet. How much cash can you access? Got a car title or a house deed? :)

We usually get a little welcome rain in late August and significant rain in September. The driest part of the year climatologically was last week, when the average daily rainfall was 0.03". By late September, that number more than doubles to 0.08".

It may seem today like it will never rain again, but we all know it will, and it will do so with a vengeance.

Unknown said...

I get text pics from south dakota kin and they show sunlit lawns overlooking the Missouri river.
I sent back a red sun pic. 😳😩🤥

Joseph Ratliff said...

I'm with Dan on the bet for rain before October.
(But I'm not going to place a bet).

We will likely break the dry streak with some significance at some point in the next 3 - 8 weeks (never any guarantees, but...). Summers are dry around here, and this one just happened to produce an impressive run of dry days in a row.

Tom Butler said...

Is this related to the Rossby wave slowdown predicted by some climate scientists?

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep45242