Friday, May 25, 2012

Falling Trees, Thunder, Strong Winds and a Problem Forecast

This morning I didn't plan on biking home in strong winds, rumbling thunder, light rain and a blocked bike trail....but it happened.  During the second half of the afternoon thunderstorms developed over and to the west of the Cascade crest and then moved over the Puget Sound lowlands.  Strong outflow from the thunderstorms produced gusts of 30-40 mph, causing branches from the well-leafed trees to break off and descend upon surprised local residents. (the leaves enable the winds to do more damage to the trees than would have been the case a few months ago).

This is what was waiting for me on the Burke Gilman trail around 7 PM...and much of the trail was covered by small branches and torn off leaves.

The winds came up suddenly as the thunderstorm cells is the wind observations on the Evergreen Point floating bridge:

 It should also be considered that there is considerable danger when there are strong wind and you are near big trees.  The strong winds were over when I entered the wooded portion of the trail...and I was still a bit nervous.  People have been killed and injured by falling trees--even in cars--so you got to be watchful.

Thunderstorms often have strong winds associated with downdrafts produced by rain falling out of the storms.  Not only does the rain drag the air downward, but evaporation cools the air, making it more dense and thus heavy.....allowing the air to accelerate towards the surface where it is forced to spread out as a fast current.  The transition to these strong outflow winds is called the gust front.   Not only can it knock down branches or trees, but there can be danger on the water if you are in a sailboat.   I was involved in a legal case once where some fell off a sailboat when a gust front hit--there didn't make it.

The cam on top of the atmospheric sciences roof showed the building cumulus over the Cascades at 3:15 PM--that was a sign of what was to come.

The visible satellite imagery illustrates the development from space.
First, at 1 PM, cumulus started developing over the mountain, but the lowlands were clear and sunny.

By 4 PM, the convection had intensified and started to shift over the eastern side of the lowlands.  North Bend was getting a thunderstorm at this time.

The Camano Island radar at 3 PM and 5 PM picks up the cells moving west.  For most locations the showers were light and and some the rain evaporated before reaching the surface.

The national lightning network picked up quite a number of is a sample over a thirty-minute period ending 5 PM.

The precipitation reaching the ground was pretty minimal, although a few locations in the foothills got a tenth or so (precip for the six hours ending 9 PM Friday)

I found a wonderful video from Snohomish showing precipitation falling out of the clouds...called virga.  Find it here.

The UW WRF model clearly underplayed the precipitation (see below) appears it underestimated the amount of convection---something that we need to diagnose and perhaps improve.   Convection is hard ... particularly weakly forced convection like this.


The NWS NAM model and the European Center model had a bit more, but failed to move it over the lowlands as well.  Because the models missed the intensity of the convection and its movement over the lowlands, the official forecast this AM gave little clue to the storms that reached the metro area.  We've  got more work to do!


Scott said...

This is amazing. In Ravenna, on 70th, just north of UW and B-GT, we had nothing like this. Pretty nice afternoon and evening.

Ben Kesseler said...

Can you clarify this comment? "Because the models were going for much the official forecast this AM gave little clue to the lowland storms."

Upupaepops said...

same thing here in Redmond, you could see it to the north but overhead was pretty much perfect .

In that time lapse of the storm, is that a little funnel that comes and leaves near the end?

Unknown said...

3 miles NNE of Monroe at about 400' - the first cell passed around 3:30 with pretty frequent thunder but only a bit of precip... but the second one came by around 4:30 - more intense thunder (it passed much closer) and then the skies opened up... it poured rain for about 30 minutes, including some hail. I wish I had a rain gauge, I'm fairly certain it was a pretty substantial amount of rain - probably more than .10". The winds picked up but it was nothing like you got in Seattle or whatever passed through Kirkland. Overall a very cool storm! Thanks for the update Cliff! - JIM

Geoff in Bellevue said...

I was riding the 7 Hills of Kirkland route today, and saw branches and limbs down all over the Kirkland / Juanita/Woodinville area.

dan said...

Here in Portland we got these convective T-storms both Friday and Saturday, and both were real doozies, utterly torrential downpours and resultant street flooding from overwhelmed storm drains. And both days, pretty much completely unpredicted. And I'll say this too: as 44 y.o. NW native, I have never to my recollection seen thunderstorms of this intensity and magnitude on two consecutive days. Eager to see what Sunday brings!

GaryP. said...

I was crossing the I-90 bridge on the bike trail about 6pm and got hit with the strongest wind I've had. And I sail a lot around here. The wind was blowing dirt right off the lake at me from the North. I didn't see a funnel but it felt like one. I don't have wind gauge but 40+mph to maybe 60 puffs. Felt lucky to get off the bridge. Then it calmed down considerably the whole rest of the trip. It was just that one hit at the East side of the Western floating bridge.

Doug said...

Me and a buddy were out riding along the North Fork Snoqualmie during this time. Thunderstoms and lots of rain after a hot, sunny afternoon.

At one point I was a few minutes ahead of my buddy when I got pelted by a not significant amount of hail. By the time he came around, there was nothing. He was shocked when he found me standing next to his hail-covered car!