September 10, 2022

Major New Fire near Stevens Pass Sending Smoke into the North Sound

 The feared occurrence happened.  A major new fire is growing rapidly on the western slopes of the central Washington Cascades.  Now known as the Bolt Creek fire, this human-initiated fire is being stoked by strong easterly winds and low relative humidity.   And the huge smoke plume is headed towards Everett and the north Sound.

Take a look at the latest visible satellite imagery (for around 12:30 PM).  You can see the smoke plume from the Bolt Creek fire...heading northwest directly over Everett.  To the south, the large Cedar Creek Fire in the central Oregon Cascadses has spread smoke northwest towards the Long Beach Peninsula.    That smoke will move northward over central Puget Sound by dinnertime.


The Bolt Creek fire formed overnight when very strong easterly winds developed.  No lightning, so this is human-initiated.  The fire is so vigorous that it has a pyrocumulus right over it (a thunderstorm-like deep convective cloud forced by the fire) and is even apparent in the Camano Island weather radar (see below).  


The air quality over the region is a very mixed bag, with moderate air quality over Puget Sound and the Willamette Vally.  Enough that there is a faint smell of burnt wood.


As noted earlier, the singular aspect of this event is the strong easterly flow, particularly over the Cascades and the western slopes.  As this easterly flow descended the western slopes of the Cascades it warmed by compression.  And such warming also led to low relative humidities.  

You want to be impressed with the profound effects of this downslope easterly flow?  Below are the wind, wind gust, temperature, and relative humidities at 7 AM around Enumclaw, in the Cascade foothills.

Wow!  75 degress, relative humidity of 20%, and wind gust of 31 mph in Enumclaw (red arrow).  A few miles away it was 45F, 93% RH, and almost no wind.    30 degree difference within a few miles!!  One has a major fire threat, the other, very little.


The easterly winds are causing temperatures to spike upwards in western Washington, particularly downstream of terrain barriers. 60s and 70s near the water of Northwest Washington, lower 80s over the central and southern Sound, upper 80s to 90 near the Cascade foothills. Around 90F downstream of the Olympics.


The easterly winds will greatly weaken on Sunday, so expect a substantial cool down.

What about smoke?   Western Washington will be clearing by Monday.     Take a look at the HRRR smoke model forecast below.   By 2 PM today, the Oregon smoke plume is extending into SW Washington.


And by 10 PM, substantial smoke from it will be over Seattle!

Plenty of smoke (mostly high) will be over the region at 9 AM Sunday.
But by Monday morning, flow off the Pacific will be rapidly moving the smoke eastward.


Next week the temperature will cool into the lower 70s, followed by 60s.  Warmth will become a memory.

Finally, we should consider the poor folks around Portland, where over 30,000 customer have had their power turned off to prevent powerline-initiated wildfire ignition.   It seems to be working.  But they are dealing with no AC, food going bad, no lights, and more.  Should be able to safely re-energize them tomorrow.



5 comments:

  1. Statements
    12:20 PM PDT Saturday 10 September 2022
    Special air quality statement in effect for:

    Metro Vancouver - NE
    Metro Vancouver - NW
    Metro Vancouver - SE
    Metro Vancouver - SW
    Smoke is causing poor air quality and reducing visibility. Smoke is expected or occurring.

    Metro Vancouver is now issuing an Air Quality Advisory for Metro Vancouver and the Fraser Valley because of high concentrations of fine particulate matter that are expected to persist through the weekend. Elevated levels of fine particulate matter are due to smoke from both wildfires burning in BC and the US and a fire burning in Vancouver at a wood recycling facility.

    Wildfires burning southeast of Chilliwack and Hope, including two fires near Manning Park (Heather Lake) and Hope (Flood Falls Trail), are producing smoke that is impacting the region. Today and tomorrow, additional smoke is expected to arrive from the south, further degrading air quality.

    Additionally, a local fire burning in Vancouver at a wood recycling facility is also producing considerable smoke which is trapped near the surface by an inversion. Smoke from the fire is impacting multiple municipalities including Vancouver, Burnaby, Richmond, New Westminster, Surrey, and Coquitlam.

    Smoke concentrations may vary widely across the region as winds and temperatures change, and as wildfire behaviour changes.

    If you or those in your care are exposed to wildfire smoke, consider taking extra precautions to reduce your exposure. Wildfire smoke is a constantly-changing mixture of particles and gases which includes many chemicals that can harm your health. For more details, please consult www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/air-quality-health-index/wildfire-smoke.html.

    For more information on current air quality, visit www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/air-land-water/air.

    Visit www.airhealth.ca for information on how to reduce your health risk and your personal contribution to pollution levels, as well as for current and forecast AQHI values.

    Please continue to monitor alerts and forecasts issued by Environment Canada.

    Issued by Environment Canada and the B.C. Ministry of Environment

    ReplyDelete
  2. Drove Sequim - Port Angeles - Rialto Beach - Quinault Rain Forest and am now at Pacific Beach. Lots of smoke, increasing amounts at each stop.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Put paid to your pronouncement this spring that WA couldnt have major wildfires this year because of wet spring . . . and all the previous years fires meant there's not much to burn!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Wynee... I never said that. In fact, just the opposite...I did several blogs on the dangers of the bountiful grass. The wet spring delayed the first season...and in the end probably lessened it. Anyway, please check your facts more carefully...cm

      Delete
  4. yep, at just about 5pm, the smoke over Tacoma is that eerie brownish yellow/amberish color now. Winds may have slowed down some, at least at the moment, it looks still outside. Even the tall tree just down the street is still, as are the plants just across from my house.

    Anyway, a reliving of the past couple of years when the smoke got really bad late summer.

    ReplyDelete

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