Monday, October 21, 2013

The Inversion Tightens Its Grip

Just as a boa constrictor envelops and tightens on its prey, so is the high pressure over us tightening and strengthening the inversion over our heads!

Each day the inversion layer over the Puget Sound lowlands has lowered and gained more better definition, and with it  the tops of the low cloud layer have descended.  We are being squeezed....meteorologically, of course.

The latest pilot reports report the top of the clouds are around 1200 ft, allowing some of the higher eastside  hills to be uncovered.

The inversion is really extraordinary, with temperatures in the forties near sea level, while sixties are a few thousand feet above...even at night!  During the day some low mountain locations jumped into the upper 70s to near 80F, while some Puget Sound folks were 30+ degrees cooler.   Amazing.

To illustrate, look at the max temperatures Monday in the region. The dark green shows locations with HIGHS in the forties.   Only a few miles away and perhaps 2-3 thousand feet up, observation sites reported mid-70s and higher.  With bright sun.

I have access to some data that the National Weather Service (NWS) does not, the weather data from TAMDAR commuter and short haul aircraft.  The fact the NWS does not get this data is an unfortunate and embarrassing story for NOAA, but I have already told that tale in a previous blog.  Anyway, this figure is a bit technical, but it shows a plot of temperature (right lines) and dew points (left lines) from some aircraft coming into Seattle-Tacoma Airport on Monday evening. HUGE inversion, with temperature increasing with height by about 20F in 2500 ft.  (the numbers of the left give the pressure level 850 hPa is about 5000 ft).

There is very dry air above a very shallow saturated layer (where the temperature and dew point are on top of each other).

Why is this like a boa constrictor?  The persistent high is strengthening the inversion in two ways.  First, there is sinking motion with the high--stronger above and weakening near the surface.  Sinking causes compressional warming and thus the warming is greater aloft than near the surface....this helps the inversion strengthen and lower.   And high pressure and associated sinking stops clouds from forming aloft, which allows good infrared radiational cooling from the surface and the cloud tops.    So we got a heater aloft and a cooler near the surface.  What does that spell?


The inversion is getting so shallow, that we may have a chance to burn through it on Tuesday.  The extent of the cloud coverage definitely was a bit less on Monday than on Sunday.

To show you how low the inversion is gotten, here is a wonderful picture this (Tuesday) morning from Peter Benda from his house in Bellevue at 1170 ft...the top of the cloud deck must be around 1000 ft:

Amtrak has the potential to tap the huge demand for sun and warmth.  Just run regular "SunTrains" from Seattle across Steven Pass to Leavenworth or Wenatchee.  Sun tan lotion included. The train could make a stop at the elevation at warmest temperatures.   They would make millions. 


Unknown said...

Interesting that now the NWS long range forecast maps for precip and temps are all equal chance now for the winter. I believe they were set not too long ago for a drier/warmer than average winter. Is that partly a result of this unusual high?

Targhee said...

Cliff- We also escaped fogmageddon for sun, in the Methow Valley. Driving back on Monday, it was 73 at Snoqualmie Pass at 3pm, and still 59 and sunny in North Bend. The Hobart/issaquah exit off Route 18 was still in the sun, then hit the cloud deck at Maple Valley and stayed socked in. Amazing.

Dogstar said...

I don't know if you have seen it but PSCAA does have some temperature profile data available here:

It is for Marysville and Sand Point.

Joel said...

Cliff - in the Sea-Tac temperature/altitude plot, the left most blue line plot seems to show the opposite of all others. Is there any significance to that outlier?


Ruth said...

I personally HATE this. I feel like I'm in prison with 4 walls and no windows. It's stifling!

Rob Jellinghaus said...

Just broke out in Redmond, at about 3 pm. Yay for photons! Hope it stays thin tomorrow.

Rod said...

I would prefer sideways rain to this funk.

Michael said...

The inversion constrictor is having its last gasp on Orcas Island....dropping below 800 feet at 8:50 on Wednesday morning....