May 08, 2021

Where is the driest place in Washington State?

Although the Pacific Northwest is known for bountiful rain and lush rain forests, it also possesses extraordinarily dry locations as well.  To illustrate, the westerns slopes of the Olympics have locations that receive up to 180 inches a year and 100-120 inches per anum is not unusual on the windward (western) slopes of the Cascades (see below).  

In western Washington, the driest location is the rainshadow of the Olympics, where some locations, such as Sequim, enjoy 15-17 inches of precipitation per year.  But if you are looking for REALLY dry conditions, you must head to southeastern Washington, where less than ten inches a year reaches the rain gauge.

According to the dictionary definition, that portion of eastern Washington can be considered a desert.

But where EXACTLY is the absolutely driest location?   Rain sodden western Washingtonians want to know!   And the answer should certainly be of interest to agricultural interests.

So let's turn next to the Oregon State PRISM high-resolution annual precipitation analysis (see below).  This analysis is more detailed, showing some portions of eastern Washington getting as little as 4-8 inches.


A terrain map  (below) suggests that the driest areas (indicated by red ovals) are associated with low areas near much higher terrain.    This makes sense, since precipitation declines as air moves down terrain, compressing and drying as it does so.  With westerly (from the west) winds, these locations would experience maximum drying.


So EXACTLY, where is the driest place in Washington?   

 I first asked Dr. Nick Bond, Washington State Climatologist (and my con-instructor of the senior UW weather forecasting class).   He suggested Sunnyside, which only received 6.57 inches a year since 1981.  I also asked Mark Albright, who was past state climatologist, and he noted the Hanford Weather Station, which measured 6.80 inches on average from 1947 to 2020.

Both are impressive.

I next turned to the WSU AgWeather network, which has a lot of stations, but few go back more than 15-20 years.

The Sunnyside WSU site had only an average of 6.1 inches from 1994-2018, while the nearby Mabton E. location had a mean of 5.76 inches from 2009-2020.  Horrigan (south of Prosser)  had 5.8 inches

WSU Professor David Brown has worked to expand the WSU AgWeather network

But now it was time to go for the big dry.

So I next checked locations I thought had the best combination of low elevation and big terrain immediately to the west.

First, Desertair, which had nearly exactly 5 inches a year since 2009.

Then, Mattawa E. in Grant County. 

OMG.  A 4.6 inches average for 2008 to 2020.  You can see the location below.


Less than five inches in Washington State.  Who would have thought?  

Mattawa has almost exactly the same annual precipitation as Las Vegas (4.49 inches per year).  Perhaps, someone should put a casino there.  The weather station looks kind of lonely, surrounded by irrigated fields.










3 comments:

  1. I suspect that while Sequim may be at 15-17", and places just east of the TriCities are about the same, it feels very different.

    We in Sequim still get all the fronts and troughs that come off the Pacific, we just don't get a lot of rain our of them. But the wind still blows and the clouds still gather with a light drizzle. It looks dry compared to some places, but its still Western WA.

    Over near TriCities, the weather patterns and fronts are configured very differently and you don't feel every front that comes ashore in Western WA.

    While "dry" based on annual rainfall is a very useful metric, it might not reflect the "experience" of living in one dry area compared to another. This is one of the interesting aspects of climate, in that we often perceive areas with similar statistics in different ways.

    For my money, I like the frequent fronts off the Pacific that come down the Strait or over the Olympics. Having drizzle here while Seattle gets real rain is quantitatively different, but it's still wet and gray.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Here around Moses lake, the dirt 4' down is dry as powder, even in the wettest, dampest time of the year. The rain we do get is useless for growing anything except winter wheat. Couple that with the wind that blow-drys the occasional thunderstorm dirt to powder in about 3 hours. Water doesn't stand a chance around here.

    ReplyDelete
  3. There is an 1853 Railroad Survey Map that doesn't show much in the Mattawa area except the note, "Blowing Sand".

    ReplyDelete

Thunderstorms Possible This Afternoon

 The final stage in our wet interval is about to begin:  the potential for thunderstorms in western Washington. Lightning has been no strang...